Τετάρτη, 28 Οκτωβρίου 2009

Etymology of corpus, corps, shear

Origin of corpus, corps, shear
The Latin word corpus derives from the Greek Aeolic form corpos of the word cormos (trunk of a tree), which comes from the verb ceiro (to cut, to clip, to shear; κείρω). The trunk of a tree was called cormos, since the leafs, the branches and the boughs of a tree were cut off from the main body of the tree.


From the same root
English:
corps, corporal, corporation, incorporate, corset, corporality, corporeal, corporealize, corporeity, corpse, corpulence, corpuscle, shear
French: corps, corporel, corporation, corsage, echarper
Italian:
corpo, corporale, corporatione, corsetto
German:
Korper, Korporal, Korps, Korporation, scheren
Spanish:
cuerpo, corporal, corporacion, corse.



In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei - Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) ceiro: cut somebody's hair, barber, shear [κείρω]
b) cormos:
trunk of a tree, torso [κορμός]
c) curevo:
cut somebody's hair, barber [κουρεύω]
d) curio:
barbershop [κουρείο]
e) cerma: coin [κέρμα]


NOTE1: Some etymologize corpus from the Greek word chroos (gen. of chros: body, skin; χρώς). Words from this root in modern Greek: χροιά, χρώμα, χρωστήρας, χρωτίζω, χρωματίζω.

NOTE2: Some etymologize the word shore from the verb shear as the shore devides the land from the sea.

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Η λέξη corpus (σώμα, συλλογή) προέρχεται από τη λέξη κορμός από το ρήμα κείρω (αποκόπτω, κουρεύω). Από την ίδια ρίζα και το ρήμα shear (κόπτω, κουρεύω).

Post 121.



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Κυριακή, 25 Οκτωβρίου 2009

Etymology of rural, room

Origin of rural, room
Rural comes from the Latin ruralis (of the countryside) from rus (gen. ruris; open land, country), which derives from the Greek arura (arable land) from the verb aroo (cultivate, farm, plough).

From the same root.
English:
arable, room, rustic, rustication
French:
rural, rustique, rusticite, rustre
Italian:
rurale, rustico, rusticita

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei-Romans)
a) arureos: big rat, field-mouse [αρουραίος]

Η λέξη rural (αγροτικός) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό ruralis από το rus (γεν. ruris; γή, εξοχή, ανοικτός χώρος), το οποίο προέρχεται από το ελληνικό άρουρα (καλλιεργήσιμη γη) από το ρήμα αρόω (οργώνω, καλλιεργώ). Από την ίδια ρίζα: άροτρο και άροσις. Γνωστή είναι και η φράση του Αχιλλέα: ¨εγενόμην άχθος αρούρης".

Post 120.


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Etymology of comb

Origin of comb
The word comb (toothed implement for straightening the hair) comes from the old Germanic kamb, which derives from the ancient greek word gomfos (big sphenoid nail used in shipbuilding; γόμφος)

In modern Greek (Romeika)
a) gomfios:
molar, grinter (γομφίος)
b) gofos:
hip (γοφός)

Η λέξη comb (χτένα) προέρχεται από την αρχαία ελληνική λέξη γομφός (μεγάλου μεγέθους σφηνοειδές καρφί από μέταλλο ή ξύλο κατάλληλο για τη ναυπήγηση πλοίων, κάθε είδος συνδέσεως). Από την ίδια ρίζα προέρχoνται ο γομφίος και ο γοφός.

Post 119.
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http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=comb&searchmode=none
http://omileiteeuropaika.blogspot.com/


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Σάββατο, 24 Οκτωβρίου 2009

Etymology of plagiarism

Origin of plagiarism
Plagiarism is the use of the work (usually the language and thoughts) of another author without mentioning the original source. The word comes from the Latin plagiarius (kidnapper, literary thief) from plagium (kidnapping), which derives from the Greek plagios (one who acts indirectly, oblique, devious; πλάγιος).

From the same root.
plagiarist, plagiary, plagiarize

In modern Greek (Romeika)
a) plagios: one who acts indirectly, oblique, devious, indirect [πλάγιος]

Η λέξη plagiarism (λογοκλοπή, κλοπή πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό plagiarius (απαγωγέας, λογοκλόπος) από το plagium, το οποίο προέρχεται από το ελληνικό πλάγιος.

Post 118.


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Παρασκευή, 16 Οκτωβρίου 2009

Etymology of Angel, Angelina, Angie

Origin of Angel, Angelina, Angie.
The word angel along with the proper name Angel is a transliteration of the Greek proper name Angelos from angelos (angel, messenger, the one who announce, who report something;).

Other forms of the name:
Angela, Angelia, Angelica, Angelina, Angelle, Angie

In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) Angelos: Angel [Άγγελος]
b) Angela: Angela [Αγγέλα]
c) angelos: angel [άγγελος]
c) angelia: news, message, notice [αγγελία]
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