Δευτέρα, 24 Μαΐου 2010

Etymology of Deus, deity, divine, diva, adieu, Jupiter, jovial

Origin of Deus, deity, divine, adieu, diva, Jupiter, jovial.
The etymology of Deus (God) is somehow controversial. Some etymologize it from the Greek Theos (God; Θεός), whereas others (Babiniotis etc) reject this etymology.
Most probably it derives from the Greek Aeolic form Deus (Δεύς) of Zeus (the genitive of Zeus is Dios).
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Jupiter (Juppiter): Zeus+pater: Zeus father.
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adieu: from the French phrase "a dieu (vous) commant", that is "I commend (you) to God," [a (to) + dieu (God)]. Similarly adios in Spanish (a+dios)
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divine: from the Latin divinus (of a god), from divus (dius) from the Greek dios (something/someone from Zeus, something/someone from God, divine; δίος).
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From the same root:

English: deify, divinity, deism, deity, divination, diviner, deicide, diva, jovial, joviality, Jovian
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French: dieu, deessee, divin, diviniser, divinite, deviner, deisme
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Italian: Dio, dea, diva, divino, divinita, divinizzare, devinare, deismo
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Spanish: Dios, diosa, divino, divinita, adivinar, deismo, divinidad
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German: Theisme
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
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a) Dias: Zeus [Δίας]
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b) Theos: God [Θεός]
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c) adio: goodbye (loan word from French) [αντίο]
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d) diva: diva (loan word from Italian) [ντίβα]
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Πλήθος αγγλικών λέξεων όπως deity (Θεότητα), divine (θε'ι'κός), divination (μαντεία) κλ καθώς και το γαλλικό adieu (αντίο) προέρχονται από την Αιολική μορφή Δεύς του Ζεύς.
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Post 143.
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