Σάββατο, 27 Φεβρουαρίου 2010

Etymology of oval, ovary

Origin of oval, ovary

The word oval comes from the Latin ovalis (egg-shaped, literally of or pertaining to an egg) from ovum (egg), which derives from the Greek Aeolic form oFon (egg; ωFόν) of oon (egg; ωόν ).
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)

a) ootheque: ovary (oo-theque: lit. collection/library of eggs) [ωοθήκη]

b) oario: ovum [ωάριο]

c) ooides: ovoid, egg-shaped, oval [ωοειδές]
{Gr. ooides --> L. ovoides --> En. ovoid}
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From the same root:
ova, ovarian, ovate, ovoid, ovule, ovum
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Η λέξη oval προέρχεται από το λατινικό ovalis (ωοειδής), από το ovum (αβγό), το οποίο προέρχεται από την Αιολική μορφή ωFόν του Ωόν (αβγό).

Post 134.


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Etymology of fart

Origin of fart
The word fart (a flatus expelled through the anus) comes from the Old English verb fert-en, which, most likely, derives from the ancient Greek verb perd-ome (fart).

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) perdome: fart (v) [πέρδομαι]
b) porde: fart (n) [πορδή]
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Η λέξη fart (πέρδομαι) προέρχεται από το ελληνικό ρήμα πέρδομαι.

Post 133.
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http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/fart

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Etymology of trophy, trope

Origin of trophy, trope
The word trophy (a prize of war) comes from the Latin trophæum (a sign of victory), originally tropæum, which is a transliteration of the Greek tropaion (monument of an enemy's defeat) from neut. of adj. tropaios (of defeat) from trope (a rout) originally "a turning" (of the enemy).


In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) tropeo: trophy [τρόπαιο]
b) trope: change, turn [τροπή]


From the same root:
English: trope
French: trophee, trope, tropologie
Italian: trofeo, tropo, tropologia
Spanish: trofeo, tropo, tropologia
German: Trophae, Trope
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Η λέξη trophy (τρόπαιο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό trophæum (αρχικά tropæum), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφεί του Ελληνικού τρόπαιον.
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Post 132.
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link: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=trophy&searchmode=none
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Κυριακή, 7 Φεβρουαρίου 2010

Etymology of Basil

Origin of Basil.
The male proper name Basil is a transliteration of the Greek name Basilios, which derives from the word basileus (better pronounced as vasileus), which means king (βασιλεύς).


The etymology of basileus is controversial. Most probably it consists of two words: (a) bas- (base; from the verb veno (βαίνω): go, move ahead - from which also comes the latin verb venire-) and (b) leus (leos -λεώς-: people - from which also comes the English word leity). So basileus (king) literally means the one who is based on the people*.



Saint Basil the Great (330-379) was archibishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia and one of the fathers of the Christian church.


Icon of Saint Basil the Great.

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The name Basil was also borne by two Roman emperors, namely Basil I (867 -886) and Basil II (976-1025).
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Other forms of the name:
Basile, Basilic, Basilides, Basiliki (fem), Basileios, Basilie, Basilio, Basilius, Bazeel, Bazeelius, Bazil, Bazyli, Vasile, Vasileos, Vasili, Vasiliki (fem), Vasilije, Vasilios, Vasilis, Vasilius, Vasilus, Vasily, Vassilij, Vassily, Wassily.


From the same root:
English:
basil (the herb), basilica, basilic.
French:
Basile, basilique, basilic
Italian: Basilio, basilica, basilico
Spanish:
Basilio, basilica
German: Basilius, Basilika, Basilikum


In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) Basilios: Basil [Βασίλειος] .......................................... (better pronounced as Vasilios)
b) basilia: reign, royalty, kingship [βασιλεία] ............. (vasilia)
c) basilio: kindom [βασίλειο] .................................... (vasilio)
d) basilevo: reign, rule (over) [βασιλεύω] ................... (vasilevo)
e) basilias: king [βασιλιάς] ....................................... (vasilias)
f) basilissa: queen [βασίλισσα] .................................. (vasilissa)
g) basilicos: basil (herb) [βασιλικός] ........................... (vasilicos)

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Το όνομα Basil προέρχεται από το ελληνικό όνομα Βασίλειος, το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το βασιλεύς.

Post: 131.




*: some say that basileus literally means the one that leads the people.

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