Δευτέρα, 14 Μαΐου 2012

Etymology of canvas

The word canvas (an extremely heavy-duty plain-woven fabric) comes from the old French canevas, from cannapaceus (made of hemp), from the Latin cannabis, a transliteration of the the Greek cannabis (hemp).

In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):


a) camvas: canvas [Gr: καμβάς]
b) cannavis: hemp, cannabis [Gr: κάνναβις]
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Etymology of canteen

 The word canteen (store in a military camp) comes from the French cantine from the Italian cantina (wine cellar, vault) from the Latin canto (corner), which derives from the Greek word canthos (canthus, corner of the eye; Gr: κανθός).
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In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) canthos: Gcanthus [Gr: κανθός]
b) cantina: canteen [Gr: καντίνα; loanword ]
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See also (in Greek) "Etymological Dictionary of Modern Greek" by G. Babiniotis p.628 and EP21.
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Κυριακή, 13 Μαΐου 2012

Etymology of camera


The word camera (a device that records and stores images; vaulted building), comes from the Latin camera (vaulted room), which is a transliteration of the Greek word camara (a vault, arched roof or ceiling, vaulted chamber; room). The word was also used as a short for camera obscura (dark chamber; a black box with a lens that could project images of external objects), and thus it became the word for "picture-taking device".
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In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) camera: camera [Gr: κάμερα; loanword]
b) camara: arch, arcade [Gr: καμάρα]
c) camara: room [Gr: κάμαρα]
d) camariera: chambermaid [Gr: καμαριέρα]
e) camarini: dressing room, green room [Gr: καμαρίνι]

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Etymology of serpent

 The word serpent (reptile, snake) comes from the Old French  sarpent, from the Latin serpentem [nom. serpens; snake], which derives from the Greek verb herpo / erpo (to creep; Gr: έρπω].
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From the same root: serpentine

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In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) erpeto: serpent [Gr: ερπετό]
b) serpantina: serpentine [Gr: σερπαντίνα; loanword]
c) erpo: v. to creep [Gr: έρπω].

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Etymology of dragon, dragoon


The word dragon comes from the Old French dragon, which in turn comes from the Latin draconem  [huge serpent, dragon], from the Greek word drakon [serpent, giant seafish; Gr: δράκων].
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From the same root: dragoon, dragonet
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In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) drakos: dragon [Gr: δράκος]