Σάββατο, 24 Σεπτεμβρίου 2011

Etymology of physic, physician, physics, physical, physi-

The word physic (art of healing, medical science, natural science), comes from the Latin physica (study of nature), from the Greek physike [Gr: φυσική] (knowledge of nature), from physis (nature) [Gr: φύση]," from the verb phyo (to bring forth, produce) [Gr: φύω].
.
In modern Greek (Romeika).
a) physi: nature [Gr: φύση]
b) physici: physics [Gr: φυσική]
c) physicos: natural, normal, unaffected [Gr: φυσικός]
d) physiologia: physiology [Gr: φυσιολογία]
e) and many other words that can easily be understood containing the root physi- like: physiotherapeftis (physiotherapist), physicomathematicos, physiognomia, physiognomistis, physiocraticos etc.

________________________ Post 196. More. _____________________






Κυριακή, 4 Σεπτεμβρίου 2011

Etymology of brilliant

Brilliant comes from the French brilliant (sparkling, shining) from the Italian brillare (sparkle, whirl), from the Latin berillare (to shine like a beryl), from berillus (beryl, precious stone), from the Latin beryllus, which is a transliteration of the Greek beryllos [beryl, precious stone; Gr: βήρυλλος].
.
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) beryllos (or better pronounced as viryllos): beryl [Gr: βήρυλλος]
b) beryllio: beryllium (Be) [Gr: βηρύλλιο]
c) brilanti (or brigianti): diampond, brilliant [Gr: μπριλάντι]
.
Fr: briller, brillantine, brillant; It: brillare; Grm: Brillant, Brille
_________________________ Post 195. _____________________
.





Etymology of mariner

Mariner comes from the old French marinier, from the Latin marinus (fem. marina) [of the sea], from mare (gen. maris) [sea], which, most likely, comes from the Greek stem-word myra (sea), from myro [flow, drip; Gr: μύρω]. See also post 193 "etymology of myriad" here.
.
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) plemyra:
over-flow, flood [Gr: πλημμύρα] (pleion+myra);
b) almyra: saltiness, lt. salt of the sea (als+myra); [Gr: αλμύρα]
c) almyrici: small tree near the sea (genus Tamarix, salt cedar); [Gr: αλμυρίκι]
.
__________________________ Post 194. ________________________
.







Etymology of myriad

The word myriad comes from the old French myriade, from the Latin myrias (gen. myriadis) "ten thousand," which id a transliteration of the Greek myrias (gen. myriados) [ten thousand; Gr: μυριάς]. The word myrias derives from myra (sea; Lat: mare).
.
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) myriada: myriad [Gr: μυριάδα]
b) myro: scent, perfume, aromatic oil, myrrh [Gr: μύρο]
.
Fr: myriade; It: miriade; Sp: miriada; Grm: Myriade
From myrias also deriaves the Latin word mile/mille (thousand).
.
From the root-word myra (sea) derive many modern Greek words like: plemyra [over-flow, flood; Gr: πλημμύρα; (pleion+myra], almyra [saltiness, lt. salt of the sea (als+myra); Gr: αλμύρα] and one source even etymologizes the name Myriam from myra (Lady of the sea).
_______________________ Post 193. More. _______________________
.