Τρίτη, 15 Δεκεμβρίου 2009

Etymology of fracture, fragile, fragment, fraction, break

Origin of fracture, fragile, fragment, fraction, break.
The word fracture (a breaking of a bone) comes from the latin verb frango/frangere (break), which derives from the Greek verb rig-nimi (break; ρήγ-νυμι) and its root frag- (Fραγ-).

From the same root.
fracture, fragile, fragment, fraction, break, fractional, fractionate, fractionize, fractious, fragility, fragmental, fragmentation
.


In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) ragada: crack, crevice [ραγάδα]
b) ragizo: break, crack [ραγίζω]
c) rogmi:
break, crack, fissure [ρωγμή]
d) aragis (a+rag): unbreakable [αρραγής]
e) rakos:
rag, tatter [ράκος]
f) rixi:
rupture [ρήξη]
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Η λέξη fracture (σπάσιμο, κάταγμα) προέρχεται από το λατινικό ρήμα frango/frangere (σπάω, ρήγνυμι), το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το ελληνικό ρήγνυμι και τη ρίζα του Fραγ-.

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Etymology of glamour

Origin of glamour
The word glamour (magic charm, alluring beauty or charm, a spell affecting the eye, a kind of haze in the air) comes from the Scottish term gramarye (magic, enchantment, spell), an alteration of the English word grammar (any sort of scholarship) from the latin grammatica, which is a transliteration of the Greek word grammatice (grammar; γραμματική).

Note: Others etymologize the Scottish gramarye from the Greek grammarion (gram; weight unit; γραμμάριο).

From the same root.
glamorize, glamorous, grammar, grammatical, grammatic

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) gramma:
letter [γράμμα]
b) grammateas: secretary [γραμματέας]
c) grammatia:
secretariat [γραμματεία]
d) grammatici: grammar [γραμματική]
e) grammaticos:
grammatical [γραμματικός]
f) grammatio: note, bill, bond [γραμμάτιο]
g) grammatocivotio: letter-box [γραμματοκιβώτιο]
h) grammatosimo: stamp [γραμματόσημο]

Η λέξη glamour (γοητεία, θέλγητρο, σαγήνη, γόητρο, λάμψη) προέρχεται από το λατινικό grammatica, το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού γραμματική.

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Σάββατο, 12 Δεκεμβρίου 2009

Etymology of retro

Origin of retro.
The word retro (behind, back) comes from the Latin retro, which, most probably, is derived from the Greek verb eretyo (retyo) (to keep back, suspend; ερητύω).

From the same root:
retro-, re-


Η λέξη retro (πίσω) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό retro, το οποίο πιθανότατα προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό ρήμα ερητύω (κρατώ πίσω, αναστέλλω, αναχαιτίζω, κρατώ οπίσω από τινος, απομακρύνω απο τι)

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Etymology of Aretha

Origin of Aretha
The female proper name Aretha derives from the Greek name Arete (Αρετή) meaning "virtue, excellence".

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) arete and Arete (as a female proper name): virtue [Αρετή]

Το όνομα Aretha προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό όνομα Αρετή.



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Etymology of Ambrose

Origin of Ambrose
The masculine proper noun Ambrose comes from the Late Latin name Ambrosius (e.g. Saint Ambrosius - 4th century), which is a transliteration of the Greek name Ambrosios (Αμβρόσιος) meaning "immortal" (A+brotos).

From the same root:
Ambrosine, ambrosia, ambrosian

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) ambrosia or better amvrosia: ambrosia [αμβροσία]
b) Ambrosios (Amvrosios): Ambrose [Αμβρόσιος]

Το όνομα Ambrose προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό Αμβρόσιος (αθάνατος, α + βροτός).

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Τετάρτη, 28 Οκτωβρίου 2009

Etymology of corpus, corps, shear

Origin of corpus, corps, shear
The Latin word corpus derives from the Greek Aeolic form corpos of the word cormos (trunk of a tree), which comes from the verb ceiro (to cut, to clip, to shear; κείρω). The trunk of a tree was called cormos, since the leafs, the branches and the boughs of a tree were cut off from the main body of the tree.


From the same root
English:
corps, corporal, corporation, incorporate, corset, corporality, corporeal, corporealize, corporeity, corpse, corpulence, corpuscle, shear
French: corps, corporel, corporation, corsage, echarper
Italian:
corpo, corporale, corporatione, corsetto
German:
Korper, Korporal, Korps, Korporation, scheren
Spanish:
cuerpo, corporal, corporacion, corse.



In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei - Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) ceiro: cut somebody's hair, barber, shear [κείρω]
b) cormos:
trunk of a tree, torso [κορμός]
c) curevo:
cut somebody's hair, barber [κουρεύω]
d) curio:
barbershop [κουρείο]
e) cerma: coin [κέρμα]


NOTE1: Some etymologize corpus from the Greek word chroos (gen. of chros: body, skin; χρώς). Words from this root in modern Greek: χροιά, χρώμα, χρωστήρας, χρωτίζω, χρωματίζω.

NOTE2: Some etymologize the word shore from the verb shear as the shore devides the land from the sea.

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Η λέξη corpus (σώμα, συλλογή) προέρχεται από τη λέξη κορμός από το ρήμα κείρω (αποκόπτω, κουρεύω). Από την ίδια ρίζα και το ρήμα shear (κόπτω, κουρεύω).

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Κυριακή, 25 Οκτωβρίου 2009

Etymology of rural, room

Origin of rural, room
Rural comes from the Latin ruralis (of the countryside) from rus (gen. ruris; open land, country), which derives from the Greek arura (arable land) from the verb aroo (cultivate, farm, plough).

From the same root.
English:
arable, room, rustic, rustication
French:
rural, rustique, rusticite, rustre
Italian:
rurale, rustico, rusticita

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei-Romans)
a) arureos: big rat, field-mouse [αρουραίος]

Η λέξη rural (αγροτικός) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό ruralis από το rus (γεν. ruris; γή, εξοχή, ανοικτός χώρος), το οποίο προέρχεται από το ελληνικό άρουρα (καλλιεργήσιμη γη) από το ρήμα αρόω (οργώνω, καλλιεργώ). Από την ίδια ρίζα: άροτρο και άροσις. Γνωστή είναι και η φράση του Αχιλλέα: ¨εγενόμην άχθος αρούρης".

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Etymology of comb

Origin of comb
The word comb (toothed implement for straightening the hair) comes from the old Germanic kamb, which derives from the ancient greek word gomfos (big sphenoid nail used in shipbuilding; γόμφος)

In modern Greek (Romeika)
a) gomfios:
molar, grinter (γομφίος)
b) gofos:
hip (γοφός)

Η λέξη comb (χτένα) προέρχεται από την αρχαία ελληνική λέξη γομφός (μεγάλου μεγέθους σφηνοειδές καρφί από μέταλλο ή ξύλο κατάλληλο για τη ναυπήγηση πλοίων, κάθε είδος συνδέσεως). Από την ίδια ρίζα προέρχoνται ο γομφίος και ο γοφός.

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http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=comb&searchmode=none
http://omileiteeuropaika.blogspot.com/


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Σάββατο, 24 Οκτωβρίου 2009

Etymology of plagiarism

Origin of plagiarism
Plagiarism is the use of the work (usually the language and thoughts) of another author without mentioning the original source. The word comes from the Latin plagiarius (kidnapper, literary thief) from plagium (kidnapping), which derives from the Greek plagios (one who acts indirectly, oblique, devious; πλάγιος).

From the same root.
plagiarist, plagiary, plagiarize

In modern Greek (Romeika)
a) plagios: one who acts indirectly, oblique, devious, indirect [πλάγιος]

Η λέξη plagiarism (λογοκλοπή, κλοπή πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό plagiarius (απαγωγέας, λογοκλόπος) από το plagium, το οποίο προέρχεται από το ελληνικό πλάγιος.

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Παρασκευή, 16 Οκτωβρίου 2009

Etymology of Angel, Angelina, Angie

Origin of Angel, Angelina, Angie.
The word angel along with the proper name Angel is a transliteration of the Greek proper name Angelos from angelos (angel, messenger, the one who announce, who report something;).

Other forms of the name:
Angela, Angelia, Angelica, Angelina, Angelle, Angie

In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) Angelos: Angel [Άγγελος]
b) Angela: Angela [Αγγέλα]
c) angelos: angel [άγγελος]
c) angelia: news, message, notice [αγγελία]
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Δευτέρα, 28 Σεπτεμβρίου 2009

Etymology of elect, neglect, collect, sellect

Origin of election
The word election (e-lec-tion) is directly derived from the Latin verb eligere (to choose, select, etc) from the root word lego (to gather, to collect, to choose, to pick out etc), which is a transliteration of the Greek verb lego (to collect, to choose, to say etc) and the prefix ex- from the Greek prefix ek- (out of, from).


From the same root.

English:
neglect, collect, sellect, lecture, lecturer, lector, elective, elector, electorate, elective, eligible. elite, elegance

French: elire, electeur, electoral, election, electif, eligible, elite, elegance

Italian: eleggere, elettore, elettorable, elettorato, elettivo, eletta, eleganza

Spanish: elegir, elector, electorado, eleccion, elegible, elegancia

German: Elite, elegant, Eleganz
.
.

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei-Romans)
a) eklego:
elect [εκλέγω]
b) syllego:
collect [συλλέγω]
c) epilego: select [επιλέγω]
d) ekloges:
elections [εκλογές]
e) elit:
elite [ελίτ]
f) eklectos:
the elect, the elite [εκλεκτος]
g) ekleximos: eligible [εκλέξιμος]
h) eklektoras: elector [εκλέκτορας]
i) lectoras: lecturer [λέκτορας]
and many others
.
.
Η λέξη election (εκλογή) προέρχεται από το λατινικό eligere (επιλέγω, συλλέγω) που προέρχεται από το ελληνικό εκλέγω.

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Etymology of tomb

Origin of tomb
Tomb comes from the latin tomba, which derives from the Greek tymbos (tomb, tumulus, grave; τύμβος)


From the same root
English: tump
French: tombe, tombal, tombeau, tomber
Italic: tomba, tombare, tombola
Spanish: tumba, tumbal, tumbo, tumbar, tumbado
German: Tumba


In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei-Romans)
a) tymbos (or better tymvos): tomb [τύμβος]



Η λέξη tomb (τάφος, μνήμα) προέρχεται από το λατινικό tomba (τάφος, τύμβος), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού τύμβος.
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Etymology of turn, tourism, attorney, tornado, torch

Origin of turn, tourism, attorney, tornado, torch

The verb turn (to rotate, revolve), comes from the latin tornare (turn on a lathe) from tornus (lathe), which is a transliteration of the Greek tornos (lathe; τόρνος).
.
.

From the same root.

English: turn, turner, torment, torch, tourism, tourist, tour, tourer, attorney, tornado

French: tour, tourisme, touriste, touret, alentour, tourillon, tourner, tournant, tourne, tournee, tornade, tournailler, tournoi, contour

Italian: turno, contorni, turismo, turista, tornare, torno, tornitura, torneocontorno

Spanish: turno, torna, contorno, turismo, turista, torno, tornilla, tornear, tornar, tornada, torneador, tornado, tornillo, torneo, contorno

German: Tour, Tourism, Tourist, turnen, Turnen, Turnplatz, Turnier, Kontur

.
.

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei-Romans).
a) tornos: lathe [τόρνος]
b) tornaro: turn [τόρνάρω]
c) torneftis: turner [τορνευτής]
d) tourismos: tourism (loan from English/French) [τουρισμός]
e) touristas: tourist (loan from English/French)[τουρίστας]
f) tourne: tour (loan from English/French) [τουρ]
.
.

Το ρήμα turn (στρέφω, γυρίζω) προέρχεται από το λατινικό ρήμα tornare από το tornus (τόρνος), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού τόρνος. Από την ίδια ρίζα προέρχονται και τα: tourism (τουρισμός), tour (περιοδία), attorney (δικηγόρος, πληρεξούσιος), tornado (τυφώνας), torch (δάδα).


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Γαλλικά:

tour:περιστροφή, περιοδεία,

tourisme: περιήγηση ,

touriste: τουρίστας, περιηγητής ,

touret: τροχίσκος,

alentour: πέριξ ,

tourillon: στροφεύς,

tourner: περιστρέφω, γυρίζω,

tournant: δίνη, καμπή,

tourne: τορνευτός,

tournee: τουρνέ, περιοδεία,

tornade: τυφών,

tournailler: περιτρίγυρίζω,

tournoi: τουρνουά, αθλητικός αγώνας,

contour: περίβολος

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Παρασκευή, 25 Σεπτεμβρίου 2009

Etymology of gusto

Origin of gusto.
The word gusto (enthousiastic enjoyment, pleasure, high spirits, cheerfulness) comes from the latin gustus (taste) from the verb gusto (to taste), which derives from the Greek verb geuso (to taste; γεύσω).


From the same root:
English: gustation, gustative, choose
French: gout (old French: goust), gouter, degouter, degustateur, ragout, choisir, choix
Italian:
gusto, gustare, digustarsi, gustatore
Spanish: gusto, gustar, disgustarse, degustador, regosto, escoger
German:
Kost, kosten, kiesen (via the old Germ. Kausjan)
Dutch: kust


In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei-Romans).
a) geusi / or better gefsi: taste [γεύση]
b) geuso / gefso: to taste [γεύσω]
c) geusticos / gefsticos: tasty [γευστικός]
d) geuma / gevma: meal, dinner, lunch [γεύμα]
e) geumatizo / gevmatizo: lunch, dine, have lunch [γευματίζω]
f) gusto: gusto (loan from Italian) [γούστο]
e) gustaro: like, care for (loan from Italian) [γουστάρω]



Η λέξη gusto (απόλαυση, τέρψη, ευχαρίστηση, κέφι) προέρχεται από το λατινικό gustus (γεύση) από το ρήμα gusto (γεύσω), που με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το ελληνικό ρήμα γεύσω/ γεύσομαι.

Post 113.

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Etymology of Andrew

Origin of Andrew.
The male proper name Andrew derives from the Greek name Andreas (Ανδρέας), which comes from the noun aner ("man"; gen. andros: "of a man"; ανήρ).


Other forms of the name:
Andria, Andriana, Andries, Andrija, Andrina, Andris, Andrius, Andriy, Andro, Andraz, Andre, Andrea, Andreas, Andree, Andreea, Andrei, Andreia, Andreina, Andrej, Andreja, Andrejs, Andres, Andreu, Andrey, Andy.


In modern Greek (Romeika; the language of Romei-Romans).
a) Andreas: Andrew [Ανδρέας]
b) andras: man [άνδρας]
c) androgona:
androgens [ανδρογόνα]
d) androgyno:
androgynous, man and wife [ανδρόγυνο]
e) andrios:
brave, gallant [ανδρείος].



Το όνομα Andrew προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό όνομα Ανδρέας.

Post 112.
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Κυριακή, 30 Αυγούστου 2009

The Latin alphabet is the Greek Chalcidian alphabet with minor changes

The Latin alphabet is the Greek Chalcidian alphabet with minor changes

The Chalcidian/Cumae alphabet was the western variant of the Greek alphabet, used between the 8th to 5th centuries BC. It was specifically used in the island of Euboea (including the towns of Kymi and Chalcis) and the areas west of Athens and in the Greek colonies of southern Italic peninsula. It was this variant that gave rise to the Latin alphabet.







Alphabets.

1. Attica, Athens

2. Euboea island, Chalcidian alphabet

3. Boeotia
4. Thessaly

5. Phocis

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Το λατινικό αλφάβητο ουσιαστικά είναι το Ελληνικό αλφάβητο της πόλης της Χαλκίδος, το οποίο μεταφέρθηκε στη Ιταλική χερσόνησο, μέσω των αποικιών της πόλης.

Post 111.



http://www.webtopos.gr/eng/languages/greek/gre.anc_alphabets.htm

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Σάββατο, 29 Αυγούστου 2009

Etymology of toilet

Origin of the word "toilet"
Toilet comes from the French toilette (a cloth, bag for clothes) from toile (cloth, net). Sense evolution is to "act or process of dressing" and then "a dressing room". Toile (older: teile) comes from the latin te(xe)la [fabric, cloth, textile] from the latin verb texo, which derives from the Greek verb tefho (fut. tefxo; weave, create, build, construct; τεύχω).
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From the same root:
towel, text, texture, toil
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei - Romans)
a) architecton: architect [αρχικέκτων]
b) techni: mastery, workmanship, art [τέχνη]
c) technicos: technical [τεχνικός]
δ) tualeta: toilet, bathroom, dress (loan from English/French) [τουαλέτα]
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Note: Some etymologize toilet from the unification of the Greek article "to" (the) with the substantive eileon (involucrum, wrapper; είλεον) from the Greek verb eilyo (originally: Felnyo; ειλύω), which means to surround, to encircle, to girdle. From this verb (eilyo) comes also the latin verb volvo (trundle, wheel, roll).
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Η λέξη toilet προέρχεται από το γαλλικό toilette (ρούχο, ένδυμα) από το toile (ρούχο, δίκτυ), το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το λατινικό te(xe)la [ύφασμα, ένδυμα] από το ρήμα texo, το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το ελληνικό ρήμα τεύχω (ποιώ, κατασκευάζω, υφαίνω, διαμορφώ, σχηματίζω.

Post 110.





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Τρίτη, 4 Αυγούστου 2009

Etymology of lavatory, lave, laundry

Origin of lavatory, lave, laundry

Lavatory comes from the latin lavo/lavare (to wash, to bathe), which derives from the Greek verb luo (loFo —> loo —> luo) [to bathe, lit: to wash the body; λούω; see: ab-luo, ab-lution].

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From the same root:

lava, lave, lavender, laver, lavish, lavishness, laundry, etc

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In modern Greek (Romeika - the language of Romei-Romans):

a) luo: to bathe, to wash the body/head [λούω]

b) lutro (originally: loFetro): lavatory [λουτρό]

c) lusimo: bath, shampoo [λούσιμο]

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Η λέξη lavatory (λουτρό, μπάνιο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό lavo/lavare, το οποίο προέρχεται από το ελληνικό ρήμα λούω (λόFω —> λόω —> λούω)








Post 109.
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Etymology of daughter

Origin of daughter

The word daughter comes from the old German dhukter, which derives from the Greek thygater (daughter; θυγάτηρ) by chanching theta (Θ) into D.

In German: Tochter

In Swedish: dotter

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In modern Greek (Romeika - the language of Romei-Romans)
a) thygatera: daughter [θυγατέρα]

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Η λέξη daughter (θυγατέρα, κόρη) προέρχεται από το παλαιό Γερμανικό dhukter, το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από το ελληνικό θυγάτηρ.

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Post 108.

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Δευτέρα, 3 Αυγούστου 2009

Etymology of Anastasia, Nastasia, Stacey

Origin of Anastasia, Nastasia, Stacey

The female proper name Anastasia (Αναστασία) is the feminine form of the male name Anastasios (Αναστάσιος). It is of Greek origin, from the word anastasis (ανάσταση), which means resurrection .

The verb is anistimi [an (up; άνω, αν-) + istimi (stand; ίστημι)]. See also post No 97, May 2009 (Etymology of Constandine).

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Other forms of the name:

Ana, Anastacia, Anastaise, Anastase, Anastasha, Anastashia, Anastasie, Anastasija, Anastasiya, Anastassia, Anastatia, Anastay, Anastazia, Anasztaizia, Anasztasia, Anestassia, Anna, Annastasia, Anstass, Anstice, Anya, Asia, Nastasia, Nastassia, Nastassiya, Nastassja, Nastassya, Nastya, Stace, Stacey, Stacia, Stacie, Stacy, Stash, Stasha, Stasia, Stasiya, Stasja, Stasya, Staz, Taisie, Tasa, Tasenka, Tasia, Tasiya, Tasja and Tasya.

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In modern Greek (Romeika - the language of Romei-Romans):

a) Anastasia: Anastasia [Αναστασία]

b) Anastasios: Anastasios [Αναστάσιος]

c) anastasi: resurrection [ανάσταση]

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Post 107.

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Etymology of Ana, etymology of Anastacia, etymology of Anastaise, etymology of Anastase, etymology of Anastasha, etymology of Anastashia, etymology of Anastasie, etymology of Anastasija, etymology of Anastasiya, etymology of Anastassia, etymology of Anastatia, etymology of Anastay, etymology of Anastazia, etymology of Anasztaizia, etymology of Anasztasia, etymology of Anestassia, etymology of Anna, etymology of Annastasia, etymology of Anstass, etymology of Anstice, etymology of Anya, etymology of Asia, etymology of Nastasia, etymology of Nastassia, etymology of Nastassiya, etymology of Nastassja, etymology of Nastassya, etymology of Nastya, etymology of Stace, etymology of Stacey, etymology of Stacia, etymology of Stacie, etymology of Stacy, etymology of Stash, etymology of Stasha, etymology of Stasia, etymology of Stasiya, etymology of Stasja, etymology of Stasya, etymology of Staz, etymology of Taisie, T etymology of asa, etymology of Tasenka, etymology of Tasia, etymology of Tasiya, etymology of Tasja, etymology of Tasya, etymology of Anastasios, etymology of Anastasius, etymology of Tasos, origin of Ana, origin of Anastacia, origin of Anastaise, origin of Anastase, origin of Anastasha, origin of Anastashia, origin of Anastasie, origin of Anastasija, origin of Anastasiya, origin of Anastassia, origin of Anastatia, origin of Anastay, origin of Anastazia, origin of Anasztaizia, origin of Anasztasia, origin of Anestassia, origin of Anna, origin of Annastasia, origin of Anstass, origin of Anstice, origin of Anya, origin of Asia, origin of Nastasia, origin of Nastassia, origin of Nastassiya, origin of Nastassja, origin of Nastassya, origin of Nastya, origin of Stace, origin of Stacey, origin of Stacia, origin of Stacie, origin of Stacy, origin of Stash, origin of Stasha, origin of Stasia, origin of Stasiya, origin of Stasja, origin of Stasya, origin of Staz, origin of Taisie, origin of Tasa, origin of Tasenka, origin of Tasia, origin of Tasiya, origin of Tasja, origin of Tasya, origin of Anastasios, origin of Anastasius, origin of Tasos, Ετυμολογία, Αναστασία, Αναστάσιος, Τάσος, Τασία

Πέμπτη, 23 Ιουλίου 2009

Etymology of emblem

Origin of emblem

Emblem
derives from the latin emblema (inlaid ornamental work), which is a transliteration of the Greek emblema (embossed ornament, insertion; έμβλημα) from the verb emballo (to insert, lit.: to throw in, from em-: in + ballo/vallo: to throw, to put in; εμβάλλω). \


From the same root:

emblemize, ballistic, ballet


In modern Greek (Romeika)

a) emblema / emvlema: emblem [έμβλημα]

b) ballo / vallo: put, attack [βάλλω]

c) ballisticos/vallisticos: ballistic [βαλλιστικός]
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Η λέξη emblem προέρχεται από το ελληνικό έμβλημα.

Post 106.
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