Κυριακή, 5 Δεκεμβρίου 2010

Etymology of canister

Canister - word origin.

Canister (basket, vessel for liquids, container) comes from the Latin canistrum (wicker basket for bread, fruit, flowers, etc.), which is a transliteration of the Greek canistron/canastron (basket made from reed) from canna (reed; Gr: κάννα).

See also post 158 (etymology of cane) here.
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In modern Greek:
a) canistro or canistra: canister [Gr: κάνιστρο or κανίστρα]


OED

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Etymology of cannon

Origin of the word cannon
The word cannon comes from the old French canon, from the Italian cannone (large tube) from the Latin canna (reed, tube), which is related to the Greek canna (cane, reed; Gr: κάννα).

See also post 158 "Etymology of cane" here.
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In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) cannoni: cannon [Gr: καννόνι]

OED

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Etymology of cane

Origin of cane

Cane comes from the the old French cane (reed, cane, spear) from the Latin canna (reed, cane), which is a transliteration of the Greek canna (cane, reed; Gr: κάννα).




From the same root:
cannon, cannelloni, can
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In modern Greek:
a) cannoni: cannon [Gr: καννόνι]
a) canni: gun barrel [Gr: κάννη]
c) cannelonia: cannelloni [Gr: καννελόνια]
d) cannula: tap, faucet [Gr: κάννουλα]
e) cannela: cinnamon [Gr: καννέλα]
f) cannata: jug, ewer [Gr: καννάτα]
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Other Greek words from the same root: κάννιστρο (basket, canister), καννιά (legs), κανίσκι (basket).

OED

________________________ Post: 158. ____________________________

Etymology of caramel

Etymology of caramel
The word caramel comes from the Latin cannamellis from canna (cane) + mel/mellis (honey). Both words are related to the Greek words canna [cane; Gr: κάννα] and mel [honey; Gr: μέλι]

See also: Etymology of cane: here



In modern Greek:
a) caramela: caramel [Gr: καραμέλα; loanword]
b) meli: honey [Gr: μέλι]

OED1
OED2
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Etymology of pizza

Origin of the word pizza.
The word pizza comes from the Italian pizza, which most likely is related to the Greek word pitta (cake, pie) from pissa [pitch; Attic: pitta] from peptos (cooked).




In modern Greek:
a) pitsa : pizza [Gr: πίτσα]
b) pitta: pie [Gr: πίττα]c) pitsaria: pizzeria [Gr: πιτσαρία]

WKN____________ Post 156. _____________

Etymology of fidelity, faith, confidence, fiance

Origin of fidelity, faith, confidence, fiance.
Fidelity comes form the French fidelite from the Latin fidelis (faithful), from fides (faith, loyalty), from the verb fido (to trust), which is related to the Greek verb pitho (to persuade, to trust; Gr: πείθ-ω/πείθ-ομαι).
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From the same root:
English: fiducial, faith, confidense, fiance, fiancee.
French: fidele, fiducie, fidelite, fier, fiancer, confiance, defier
Italian: fido, fidducia, fidarsi, diffidare, fidanzare, condidenza
Spanish: fiel, Fidel, fidelidad, fiar, fe, fianza, confianza
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In modern Greek:
a) pitho: to persuade [pith-o; Gr: πείθω]
b) pisti: faith [pist-i; Gr: πίστη]
c) empistevome: to trust [en-pist-evome; Gr: εμπιστεύομαι]

OED
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Tags within the post: origin of faith, origin of confidense, origin of fiance, origin of fiancee, origin of fiance, origin of fidelity, etymology of faith, etymology of confidense, etymology of fiance, etymology of fiancee, etymology of fiance, etymology of fidelity, learn Greek, etymology of Latin, origin of Latin, etymologie de fidele, etymologie de fiducie, etymologie de fidelite, etymologie de fier, etymologie de fiancer, etymologie de confiance, etymologie de defier.

Κυριακή, 14 Νοεμβρίου 2010

Etymology of caliber

Origin of caliber

Caliber comes from the old French calibre (14c.), from the Arabic qalib "a mold, last", which derives from the Greek calapous [Gr: καλάπους] "a shoemaker's last" lit. "little wooden foot," from calon "wood" + pous "foot"*.


From the same root: calibrate, calibration.


In modern Greek:
a) calapodi: a shoemaker's last, a little wooden foot [Gr: καλαπόδι]
b) calibraro: calibrate [Gr:καλιμπράρω], loanword


* Babiniotis G. Etymological Lexicon of Modern Greek Language p614 and p615
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Etymology of pedicure, pedestrian, pedicle, pedestal

Origin of pedicure, pedestrian, pedicle, pedestal.
Pedicure, care of feet, from the French pédicure, from the Latin pes (gen. pedis) "foot" which is related to the Greek Aeolic pous (gen. podos) "foot" + and curare (care).




From the same root: pedestrian, pedicle, pedestal, pedicurist, pedicular, foot.


In modern Greek.
a) podi: foot [πόδι]
b) pezos: pedestrian [πεζός]

OED

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Etymology of foot

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Origin of foot.
The word foot comes from the Latin pes "foot" (gen. pedos), which is related to the Greek Attic pous "foot" (gen. podos; πούς).




In modern Greek.
a) podi: foot [πόδι]
b) podosphero: football [podo- (foot) + spher (sphere, ball); ποδόσφαιρο]

OED


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Δευτέρα, 18 Οκτωβρίου 2010

Etymology of corner, horn, cerebrum

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Origin of corner
The word corner comes from the Frenh corne (horn, corner), from the Latin cornu (projecting point, horn), which is telated to the Greek carnon (horn) and ceras (horn) .




From the same root:
English: cerebrum, cerebellum, cerebral, cornea, horn, horny
French: cor, corne, corner, cerf, cerveau
Italian: corno, cornare, cervo, cornamuzaGerman: Horn

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In modern Greek:
a) ceras or cerato: horn [κέρας κέρατο]
b) corna: (car) horn, klaxon [κόρνα]; loan word.
c) ceratoidis: cornea [κερατοειδής]
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OED
WKN
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Other modern Greek words from the same root (in Greek): κάρα, κρανίο, κράσπεδο, κριός, κορυφή, κορύνα, κορυδαλλός, κόρυμβος κλ

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Etymology of aegis

Origin of aegis
The word aegis (protection) derives from the Latin ægis, which is a transliteration of the Greek Aigis, the shield of Zeus, related to aix (gen. aigos) "goat," as the shield was of goatskin.


Under the aegis of someone: under the auspices of someone, under the sponsorship or protection of someone or some group.
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In modern Greek:
a) aegida: aegis [αιγίδα] 

OED

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Etymology of air

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Origin of air.
The word air derives from the French air from the Latin aerem (nom. aer), which is merely a transliteration of the Gree aer (gen. aeros) "air" [αήρ].
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From the same root:
air- (airbase, airborne, airconditioning, aircraft, air force, airline, airport etc);
aero- (aerobic, aerodrome, aerodynamics, aerology, aeroplane, aerosol, aerospace etc);
aerate, aeration, aerial, aerification, aerify, airing etc.
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In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) aeras: air [αέρας]
b) aerodromio:
aerodrome, airport [αεροδρόμιο]
c) aeroplano: aeroplane [αεροπλάνο]
d) aerismos:
airing [αερισμός]
d) aeroscafos:
aircraft [αεροσκάφος]

OED
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Τετάρτη, 25 Αυγούστου 2010

Etymology of pumpkin

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Origin of pumpkinPumpkin is an alteration of pumpion (melon, pumpkin) from the French pompon, from the Latin peponem (nom. pepo) (melon), which is a transliteration of the Greek pepon (melon; πέπων).

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In modern Greek:
a) peponi: melon [πεπόνι]

OED

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H λέξη pumpkin (κολοκύθι) προέρχεται από την ελληνική πέπων.

Etymology of melon

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Origin of melon
Melon comes from the French melon, from the Latin melonem (nom. melo), from melopeponem, (a kind of pumpkin), which is a transliteration of the Greek melopepon (gourd-apple) from melon (apple) + pepon (a kind of gourd).


From the same root:
French: melon, melongene
Italian: melone, melanzana
Spanish: melon, pepon, melocoton
German: Melone, Melonendistel

In modern Greek:
a) milo: apple [μήλο]
b) peponi: melon [πεπόνι]
c) melitzana: eggplant [μελιτζάνα]



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Η λέξη melon (πεπόνι) προέρχεται από την ελληνική λέξη μήλο. Ως αντιδάνειο από τα γαλλικά έχομε τη μελιτζάνα