Σάββατο, 10 Δεκεμβρίου 2011

Etymology of super and over

Both super and over come from the Latin super, which is related to the Greek yper/hyper [over, super; Gr: υπέρ].

In modern Greek:
a) yper: super, over, hyper- [Gr: υπέρ]

OED
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Etymology of triumph

Triumph comes from the old French triumphe from the Latin triumphus (achievement, a success, procession for a victorious general or admiral), from the Greek thriambos.

In modern Greek:
a) thriamvos: triumph [Gr: θρίαμβος]

OED
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Παρασκευή, 9 Δεκεμβρίου 2011

Etymology of unity, union, unit

The word unity comes from the French unite, from Latin unitatem, from unus (one) which is related to the Greek oenos (ace). See also "Etymology of one" here.

From the same root: union, unit

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Etymology of unique

The word unique (single, solitary) comes from the French unique, from the Latin unicus (single, sole), from unus (one), from the Greek oenos (ace). See also "Etymology of one" here.

OED
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Etymology of one

The word one comes from the Latin unus, which is related to the Greek oenos [one, ace in dice; Gr: οινός].

Note: Some etymologize unus from the gen. enos of eis [one; Gr: εις].

From the same root: unity, unique.

In modern Greek :a) enas: one [Gr: ένας]
b) enotita: unity [Gr: ενότητα]

OED
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Κυριακή, 20 Νοεμβρίου 2011

Etymology of latex

The word latex (liquid, body fluid) comes from the Latin latex (gen. laticis; liquid, fluid), which derives from the Greek latax (dregs, the remnant of wine flung into a vessel or on the ground; Gr: λάταξ).

In modern Greek:
a) latex: latex [loanword; Gr: λάτεξ]

OED
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Etymology of donation

The word donation comes from the Old French donacion from the Latin donationem (nom. donatio) from donum/dorum (gift), whichis related to the Greek doron [gift; Gr: δώρον].

From the same root: donate, donator, donatory

In modern Greek:
a) doro: gift [Gr: δώρο]
b) dorizo: donate, to make a gift [Gr: δωρίζω]
c) doritis: giver, donator [Gr: δωρητής]
d) dorea: donation, gift [Gr: δωρεά]
e) dorean: gratis, free (of charge) [Gr: δωρεάν]

OED

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Σάββατο, 1 Οκτωβρίου 2011

Etymology of sketch

The word sketch (rough drawing intended to serve as the bases for a finished picture), comes from the Italian schizzo (sketch, drawing), from the Latin schedium (an extemporaneous poem), from the Greek schedios (temporary, extemporaneous) [Gr: σχέδιος].

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In modern Greek:
a) schedio: drawing, sketch, design [Gr: σχέδιο]
b) schediastis:
draughtsman, designer, sketcher [Gr: σχεδιαστής]
c) schediasi:
drawing, sketching, planning designing [Gr: σχεδίαση]
d) schediazo:
v sketch, draw, plan, lay out, design [Gr: σχεδιάζω]

OED
_____________________________ Post 199.  _______________




_____________________________________________________

Η λέξη sketch (σκετς) προέρχεται από το Ιταλικό schizzo από το Λατινικό schedium (σχέδιο, αυτοσχέδιο ποίημα) από το ελληνικό σχέδιος.

Etymology of calm

The word calm (tranquility, quiet, peace) comes from the old French calme, from the Italian calma, from the Latin cauma (heat of the mid-day sun), which is a transliteration of the Greek kauma [Gr: καύμα] from the verb kaio (pronounced as keo), to burn [Gr: καίω]. Spelling influenced by L. calere "to be hot".
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In modern Greek:
a) kauma (pronounced as kavma): heat of the mid-day sun [Gr: καύμα]
b) keo: to burn [Gr: καίω]
c) encaustiki: encaustic [Gr: εγκαυστική]
d) encauma: n burn, scald [Gr: έγκαυμα]

OED.
_________________________ Post 198.  _________________

Etymology of beret

Beret (cap; earlier, berret) is from the diminutive form birretum of the Latin birrus (large hooded cloak). It is either of Gaulish origin or it is related to the red colour [burrus: red] of the wool of which it was made. Burrus is related to the Greek word pyrros [Gr: πυρρός] meaning red, the colour of the fire, from pyr [Gr: πύρ], fire.




In modern Greek.

a) pyr: n. fire [Gr: πυρ]

b) pyrosvestis: fireman, fire fighter [Gr: πυροσβέστης]

c) pyrotechnima: firework, pyrotechnics [Gr: πυροτέχνημα]

d) pyrotechnurgos: pyrotechnist [Gr: πυροτεχνουργός]

e) pyromanis: pyromaniac [Gr: πυρομανής]

f) pyrolysi: pyrolysis [Gr: πυρόλυση]

g) pyrovolo: to shoot, fire, gun [Gr: πυροβολώ]

h) pyrkayia: n. fire, conflagration [Gr: πυρκαγιά]

i) beres: beret [Gr: μπερές]; loanworn


OED
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Σάββατο, 24 Σεπτεμβρίου 2011

Etymology of physic, physician, physics, physical, physi-

The word physic (art of healing, medical science, natural science), comes from the Latin physica (study of nature), from the Greek physike [Gr: φυσική] (knowledge of nature), from physis (nature) [Gr: φύση]," from the verb phyo (to bring forth, produce) [Gr: φύω].
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In modern Greek.
a) physi: nature [Gr: φύση]
b) physici: physics [Gr: φυσική]
c) physicos: natural, normal, unaffected [Gr: φυσικός]
d) physiologia: physiology [Gr: φυσιολογία]
e) and many other words that can easily be understood containing the root physi- like: physiotherapeftis (physiotherapist), physicomathematicos, physiognomia, physiognomistis, physiocraticos etc.

OED
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Κυριακή, 4 Σεπτεμβρίου 2011

Etymology of brilliant

Brilliant comes from the French brilliant (sparkling, shining) from the Italian brillare (sparkle, whirl), from the Latin berillare (to shine like a beryl), from berillus (beryl, precious stone), from the Latin beryllus, which is a transliteration of the Greek beryllos [beryl, precious stone; Gr: βήρυλλος].
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In modern Greek:
a) beryllos (or better pronounced as viryllos): beryl [Gr: βήρυλλος]
b) beryllio: beryllium (Be) [Gr: βηρύλλιο]
c) brilanti (or brigianti): diampond, brilliant [Gr: μπριλάντι]
.
Fr: briller, brillantine, brillant; It: brillare; Grm: Brillant, Brille

OED
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Etymology of myriad

The word myriad comes from the old French myriade, from the Latin myrias (gen. myriadis) "ten thousand," which id a transliteration of the Greek myrias (gen. myriados) [ten thousand; Gr: μυριάς].
.
In modern Greek:
a) myriada: myriad [Gr: μυριάδα]

Fr: myriade; It: miriade; Sp: miriada; Grm: Myriade


OED
_______________________ Post 193.  _______________________
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Τρίτη, 30 Αυγούστου 2011

Etymology of typhoon



The word typhoon (violent storm, whirlwind, tornado), comes from the Greek typhon [whirlwind; Gr: τυφών], personified as a giant, father of the winds, perhaps from typhein "to smoke" (origin of the word typhus).


In modern Greek:

a) typhonas: typhoon [Gr: τυφώνας]

OED
_________________________ Post 192.  _________________




Κυριακή, 28 Αυγούστου 2011

Etymology of decade

Decade, "ten parts" (of anything), comes from the old French décade (14c.), from the Latin decadem (nom. decas), from the Greek decas (gen. dekados) "group of ten." Meaning "period of ten years" is 1590s in English. See also "etymology of dean" here .
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In modern Greek:
a) decada: ten parts [Gr: δεκάδα]
b) decaetia: ten years period, decade [Gr: δεκαετία]

OED
____________________ Post 191.  ________________________

Etymology of dime

The word dime (coin worth one tenth of a US dollar, a 10 cent coin) comes from the old French disme (a tenth part), from the Latin decima [tenth (part)], from decem (ten), related to the Greek deca (ten).
See also "etymology of dean" here .

OED
______________________ Post 190.  _______________________

Etymology of December

The word December comes from the Latin December (tenth month of the old Roman calendar, which began with March), from decem (ten), related to the Greek deca [ten; Gr: δέκα].

See also "etymology of dean" here .
.
In modern Greek:
a) Decembrios (better pronounced as Dekemvrios): December [Gr: Δεκέμβριος]
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Etymology of dean

Dean comes from the old French deien, from the Latin decanus "head of a group of 10 monks in a monastery", from earlier secular meaning "commander of 10 soldiers" (which was extended to civil administrators in the late empire), a transliteration of the Greek decanos [Gr: δεκανός], from deca "ten". College sense is from 1570s.
.

In modern Greek:

a) deca: ten [Gr: δέκα]

b) deca-: deca- [Gr: δέκα-] (decathlon, decalogue etc.)

c) decaneas: corporal, leader of ten soldiers [Gr: δεκανέας

OED
_____________________ Post 188. _______________________

Δευτέρα, 11 Ιουλίου 2011

Etymology of mandolin

Origin of the word mandolin

Mandolin comes from the French mandoline, from the Italian mandolino, diminutive of mandola, a larger kind of mandolin, altered from the Latin pandura (a three-stringed lute), which is transliteration of the Greek pandura.

See also post 186 (etymology of banjo).





In modern Greek:

a) mandolino: mandolin [Gr: μαντολίνο; loanword]

OED
_________________ Post 187. _____________________

Κυριακή, 10 Ιουλίου 2011

Etymology of banjo

Origin of the word banjo
The word banjo (a stringed instrument with four or five strings, usually associated with country music) comes from the Portoguese bandurra, from the Latin pandura, which is a transliteration of the Greek pandura (a three-string instrument; Gr: παντούρα).




From the same root:

mandolin, banjulele
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In modern Greek:

a) banjo: banjo [Gr: μπάντζο; loanword]

b) mandolino: mandolin [Gr: μαντολίνο; loanword]

c) mandura: a folk music instrument [Gr: μαντούρα]

OED

___________________________ Post 186. ____________

Κυριακή, 3 Ιουλίου 2011

Etymology of anthem

Orugin of the word anthem
The word anthem comes from the old English ontemn, antefn, "a composition (in prose or verse) sung antiphonally," from the Latin antefana, a transliteration of the Greek antiphona "verse response".

From the same root:
antiphon, phonetic etc

In modern Greek:
a) antiphono: antiphon [Gr: αντίφωνο]
b) anti-: anti-[Gr: αντι-]
c) anti: instead of, in place of, as, for [Gr: αντί]
d) phone or better phoni: voice [Gr: φωνή]

OED
_______________________ Post 185. ____________________






Etymology of April

Origin of the word April

The word April comes from the old French Avril, from the Latin Aprilis (month of Venus, the second month of the ancient Roman calendar, dedicated to the goddess Venus) from Apru, a transliteration of the Greek Aphro from Aphrodite (Venus; Gr: Αφροδίτη).



In modern Greek:
a) Aprilis: April [Gr: Απρίλης]

WKN

____________________ Post 184. ____________________

Κυριακή, 26 Ιουνίου 2011

Etymology of almanac

Origin of the word almanac
The word almanac comes from the old French almanach from the Spanish-Arabic al-manakh (calendar, almanac) most probably from the arabic article al- and the Greek meneacon/manacon [of a month, of a lunary circle, calendar of a month; Gr.: μηνιακόν / μηναίον] from the root men/mene [moon, month; Gr.: μήν/μήνη].



In modern Greek:

a) almanac: almanac [Gr: αλμανάκ]

b) menas: month [Gr: μήνας]

c) menieos: monthly, of the month [Gr: μηνιαίος]

OED

___________________ Post: 183. _________________


Τετάρτη, 25 Μαΐου 2011

Etymology of albatross

Origin of the word albatross.
The word albatross comes from the Portuguese alcatraz (pelican) from the Arabic al-câdous or al-ġaţţās (a pelican; lit. the diver), from the Greek word kados [jar; Gr: κάδος ] in reference to the pelican's pouch. The spelling was influenced by the Latin albus (white).


In modern Greek:
a) kados: jar [Gr: κάδος]
b) albatros: albatross [Gr: άλμπατρος; loanword]

OED


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Κυριακή, 22 Μαΐου 2011

Etymology of anchovy

Origin of the word anchovy.
The word anchovy comes from the Genoese anchova, most probably from the Latin apua (small fish) from the Greek aphye [small fry; Gr.: αφύη].






In modern Greek:
a) anchuyia: anchovy [Gr.: αντσούγια; loanword]

OED
_____________________ Post 181. ______________________

Παρασκευή, 13 Μαΐου 2011

Etymology of ampoule (ampul, ampulla)

Word origin of ampoule (ampul, ampulla)
The word ampoule (small bottle or flask) comes from the Latin ampulla, a contracted form of amphora, which is a transliteration of the Greek amphorefs/amphora (vessel, flask, bottle; Gr: αμφορεύς)




In modern Greek:

a) ampula: ampoule [Gr: αμπούλα; loanword]

b) amphoreas: amphora [Gr: αμφορέας]

OED

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Πέμπτη, 5 Μαΐου 2011

Etymology of box

Origin of the word box

The word box (wooden container) comes from the Latin buxis/buxus, which is a transliteration of the Greek pyxis/pyxos [box (the tree); Gr.: πύξος].



In modern Greek:

a) pyxida: compass [Gr: πυξίδα]

OED


__________________________ Post 179. ___________________


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Κυριακή, 1 Μαΐου 2011

Etymology of columbarium, Columbus

Origin of the word columbarium, Columbus
A columbarium is a place for the respectful and usually public storage of cinerary urns, a vault with niches for urns containing the ashes of cremated bodies. The term comes from the Latin columba (dove, dovecote) and originally referred to compartmentalized housing for doves and pigeons. The word columba most probably is related to the Greek word colymbis [wild ducks or wild birds that use to dive into the see water; Gr.: κολυμβίς] from the verb colymbo (to dive, duck; Gr.: κολυμπώ).

From the same root:
Columbus [From the Greek Colymbos (diver), Gr.: κόλυμβος], Columbia, Colombia etc.





In modern Greek:

a) colymbo: swim, bath [Gr.: κολυμπώ ]

b) colymbi (or colymbisi): swimming [Gr.: κολύμπι or κολύμβηση]

c) colymbitirio: swimming-pool, lido [Gr.: κολυμβυτήριο]

d) colymbitis: swimmer [Gr.: κολυμβητής]

e) colymbithra: font [Gr.: κολυμβήθρα]



___________________________ Post 178. __________________








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Saint Columba

Saint Columba was a sixth-century Orthodox Irish saint, who founded an important monastery on the Scottish island of Iona.





In the early centuries of Christianity the name Columba was popular, because the "dove" is a Cristian symbol for the Holy Spirit and peace.

See more at: http://stcolumbamonastery.org/about/our-patron/
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Κυριακή, 3 Απριλίου 2011

Etymology of cinema

Origin of the word cinema. .
The word cinema comes from the French cinéma, shortened from cinématographe, coined 1890s by Lumiere brothers, who invented it, from the Greek cinema (movement; better pronounced as kinima; Gr: κίνημα), from the verb cino (to move; better pronounced as kino; Gr: κινώ).

See also the post entitled "Etymology of cite" here. .

  From the same root

English: cinematography, cinerama, cinemascope, kinetics, kinematics, kineto

French: cinema, cinematographe,

Italian: cinematografo,

Spanish: cine, cinematica,

German: Kino, Kinematograph . In modern Greek:

a) cinema: cinema [Gr: σινεμά

b) kinima: movement [Gr: κίνημα

c) cinimatographos (better pronounced as kinimatographos): cinema [Gr: κινηματογράφος

d) kino: to move [Gr:κινώ]

OED

___________________________ Post 177. _________________

Tags within the post: etymology of cinematography, etymology of cinerama, etymology of cinemascope, etymology of kinetics, etymology of kinematics, word origin of cinematography, word origin of cinerama, word origin of cinemascope, word origin of kinetics, word origin of kinematics, etymologie de cinema, etymologie de cinematographe, etymologie de cinematique, etimologia di cinematografo, etimologia di cinetico, προέλευση της λέξης σινεμά, ετυμολογία, ελληνική γλώσσα, ετυμολογία αγγλικών λέξεων, προέλευση αγγλικών λέξεων, ελληνική γλώσσα, αγγλικές λέξεις με ελληνική προέλευση, πολλά αγγλικά προέρχονται από τα ελληνικά, προέλευση της λέξης σινεμά, προέλευση του cinema

Etymology of cite

Origin of the word cite The verb cite (to summon) comes from the Latin citare, from ciere, from cieo (to move, set in motion, stir, move), which is related to the Greek verb cieo/cineo (I move, stir, rouse, summon; Gr: κιέω/κιώ/κινέω).
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From the same root
English: cinema, excite, incite, citation, recite, 
French: citer, citateur, inciter, 
Italian: citare, citatire, incitare, 
Spanish: citar, cita, 
German: zitieren, Zitat .
.

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In modern Greek (Romeika
a) cino (better pronounced as kino): move [Gr: κινώ
b) cinisi (better pronounced as kinisi; remember the related word kinetics): movement [Gr: κίνηση]
c) tsitato: citation, a part of a text with an important message [Gr: τσιτάτο; loanword
d) cinema: cinema [Gr: σινεμά; loanword] .
.

OED
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__________________________ Post 176. ______________________

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Note (transl. of French): citer (αναφέρω), citateur (απάνθισμα ρητών), inciter (προτρέπω), reciter (απαγγέλω)._