Κυριακή, 31 Ιανουαρίου 2010

Etymology of month, moon, menses, meniscus

Origin of month, moon, menses, meniscus
The words moon and month come from the the latin mensis (month), which derives from the Greek Aeolic form meis/mens (μείς/μηνς) of men/mene (μήν/μήνη; month, moon).
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From the same root:

English: moon, moon- (-beam, -light, ..., - strike), moony, month, menses, menstrual, menstruation, menstruate, menstruous, menopause, meniscus (deminutive of mene: small moon during the first quarter).

French: mois, mensuel

Italian: mese, mensile

Spanish: mes, mensual,

German: Monat, monatlich
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) menas: month [μήνας]

b) emmena: menses, period [έμμηνα]

c) emmenopause: menopause [εμμηνόπαυση]

d) emmenorrhoea: menstruation [εμμηνόρροια]

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Οι λέξεις moon (σελήνη) και month (μήνας) προέρχονται από το λατινικό mensis (μήνας), το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από την Αιολική μορφή μείς/μηνς του μήν/μήνη (μήνας, σελήνη).

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Σάββατο, 16 Ιανουαρίου 2010

Etymology of hospital, host, hostel, hotel, hospice, hostile, hostage

Origin of hospital, host, hostel, hotel, hospice, hostile, hostage
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The word hospital comes from the Latin hospitale (guest-house, inn) from hospes (stranger, guest) from the Greek Aeolic form espios of estios from the noun estia (home, house, family, fireplace; εστία). From estia comes the verb estiao (to receive/welcome somebody in my house; to prepare a meal for somebody, to offer hospitality; εστιάω)
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Note: Some etymologize hospes from the Greek verb aesko (I lie; αέσκω), from which comes the noun asty (home, city; άστυ). Aesko -> aespo -> hospes.
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From the same root
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English: hospital, host, hostel, hotel, hospice, hostile, hostage, hosterly
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French: hopital, hospice, hote, hotel, hostile, hostie, otage, ost
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Italian: ospedale, ospizio, ospite, oste, hotel, ostile, ostia
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Spanish: hospital, hospicio, huesped, hotel, hostil, hostia
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German: Hospital, Hospiz, Hostess, Hotel, Hostie, Geisel
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
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a) estia: home, house, family, fireplace, focus, centre [εστία]
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b) estiatorio: restaurant [εστιατόριο]
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c) spiti: house, home [σπίτι]
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Η λέξη hospital (νοσοκομείο) προέρχεται από το Λατινικό hospitale (ξενοδοχείο) από το hospes (ξένος, φιλοξενούμενος) από την Αιολική μορφή έσπιος του έστιος απο το ουσιαστικό εστία. Από τη λέξη εστία προέρχεται και το ρήμα εστιάω ("δέχομαι τινα εν τω οίκω μου, φιλοξενώ τινα", παραθέτω γεύμα, φιλεύω).
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Κυριακή, 10 Ιανουαρίου 2010

Etymology of cheer

Origin of cheer.
The word cheer (gladness, gaiety, something that gives joy, lightness of spirits or mood) comes from the Anglo-Norman chere (face) from the old French chiere from the Latin cara (face), which is merely a transliteration of the Greek cara (head; κάρα).

From the same root.
cheerful, cheerily, cheeriness, cheeriness, cheerio, cheerleader, cheerless, cheers, cheery

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) cara: head, a saint's head, skull [κάρα]
b) carivaria:
headache [καρηβαρία]

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Η λέξη cheer (ευθυμία, κέφι, φαιδρότητα, επευφημία) προέρχεται από το Αγγλο-Νορμανδικό chere (πρόσωπο) από το παλαιό Γαλλικό chiere από το Λατινικό cara (πρόσωπο), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού κάρα (κεφαλή).

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Etymology of Barbara

Origin of Barbara.
The Christian proper name Barbara is given in honour of the Great Martyr Saint Barbara (3rd century - December 4, 306). Saint Barbara was a young woman killed by her own father Dioscorus, who was then killed by a bolt of lightning. The name comes from the Latin barbarus, which is merely a transliteration of the Greek barbaros (βάρβαρος) meaning foreign, one who could not speak Greek, a non-Greek, an uncivilized.

Other forms of the proper name.
Barb, Barbie, Barbra, Babs, Bobbie, Barbora, Bairbre, Bara, Barbro, Basia, Borbala, Varvara, Varya.


From the same root.

English: barbarian, barbarity, barbarism, barbarize, barbaric

French: barbare, barbarie, barbarisme, barbariser, barbaresques

Italian: barbaro, barbarie, barbarismo, barbarizzare

Spanish: barbaro, barbaridad, barbarismo, barbarico

German: Barbar, Barbarei, barbarisch, Barbarismus



In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)

a) Barbara (or better Varvara): Barbara [Βαρβάρα]

b)barbaros (or better varvaros): barbarian [βάρβαρος]

c) barbarismos (varvarismos): barbarism [βαρβαρισμός]

d) barbarotita (varvarotita): barbarity [βαρβαρότητα]

e) barbaricos (varvaricos): barbaric [βαρβαρικός]

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Το κύριο όνομα Barbara, προέρχεται από το Ελληνικό βάρβαρος

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Saint Barbara
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