Κυριακή, 31 Ιανουαρίου 2010

Etymology of month, moon, menses, meniscus

Origin of month, moon, menses, meniscus
The words moon and month come from the the latin mensis (month), which derives from the Greek Aeolic form meis/mens (μείς/μηνς) of men/mene (μήν/μήνη; month, moon).
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From the same root:

English: moon, moon- (-beam, -light, ..., - strike), moony, month, menses, menstrual, menstruation, menstruate, menstruous, menopause, meniscus (deminutive of mene: small moon during the first quarter).

French: mois, mensuel

Italian: mese, mensile

Spanish: mes, mensual,

German: Monat, monatlich
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In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)
a) menas: month [μήνας]

b) emmena: menses, period [έμμηνα]

c) emmenopause: menopause [εμμηνόπαυση]

d) emmenorrhoea: menstruation [εμμηνόρροια]

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Οι λέξεις moon (σελήνη) και month (μήνας) προέρχονται από το λατινικό mensis (μήνας), το οποίο με τη σειρά του προέρχεται από την Αιολική μορφή μείς/μηνς του μήν/μήνη (μήνας, σελήνη).

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