Τετάρτη, 22 Ιουλίου 2009

Etymology of borough, -burg

Etymology of borough, -burg

The word borough and the widely used ending -burg derives from the Latin burgus (fortress, castle, fortified city), which is a transliteration of the Greek word pyrgos (burgus, fortress, castle; πύργος; see "Αίας πύργος Αχαιοίς"). Pyrgos is related to Pergamon (Πέργαμα Τροίας, Pergama Trias - citadel of Troy).


From the same root:
borough, -burg, -burgh, burglar, bourgeois, burgess, burgh, burgher




In modern Greek (Romeika)


a) pyrgos: tower, castle, fortress [πύργος]
.

b) pyrgono: fortify [πυργώνω]
.
c) Pergamos: the city of Pergamos (Bergama) in the Aegean coast of Asia Minor [Πέργαμος]

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Η λέξη borough (πόλη, δήμος) καθώς και η εκτενώς χρησιμοποιούμενη κατάληξη -burg προέρχεται από το λατινικό burgus (πύργος, κάστρο, οχυρωμένη πόλη), το οποίο αποτελεί μεταγραφή του ελληνικού πύργος.
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Post 104.



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